Diaper rash is a type of skin irritation caused by diapers. This occurs when pathogens like fungus and bacteria infect the skin that is enclosed by the diaper, usually at the buttocks and groin area of infants. The unfamiliar contaminants like bacteria cause the baby’s skin to reacts by becoming red, swollen and parched. In worst cases, stinging blisters may develop, which is irksome and hurting for the baby.
Generally, baby toys…
– Must be non-toxic materials
– Have no sharp or rough points or edges
– Should have no small parts that could be lodged in baby’s throat, ears, or nose
– Are not made of glass or brittle, breakable plastic
– Have no electrical parts
– Have no parts that could entrap a little one’s fingers, toes or hands
– Should be suitable for the age of the child
– Should have a surface that can easily be cleansed
– Should have a durable surface
– Should be strong enough to withstand weather conditions and/or hard usage
– Should be non-flammable
– Can be used for more than one purpose by more than one child such as bouncing balls
– Should stimulate child curiosity and interest (i.e., bulky legos)
– Should develop muscle coordination (i.e., kiddie bikes)
– Lifts head briefly when lying on stomach.
– Responds to Sound.
– Blinks at bright lights.
– Stares and focuses at faces.
– Follows objects moved about 6 to 10 inches from face.
– Turns towards familiar voices and sounds.
– Smiles and laughs in response to you.
– Follows objects with eyes.
– On stomach, holds head up for a few minutes. Turns from side to back.
– Raise chest and head (do a mini push up) while on stomach.
– Reaches for an object.
– Rolls over one way.
– Brings both hands together.
When he wants to use spoon and fork, place the food in a small bowl so that he can push the bit of food against the side of the bowl and thus be able to pick it up with the spoon. The child will no longer want to take a nap in the morning but he will become sleepy during lunchtime so it is advisable to give him his lunch early.
With this menu, you can help the child go through the routine of washing his hands and face (especially after playing outside and after perspiring) before sitting down to eat. Let him eat the food slowly and chew the food well. The following menus are suggested:
When feeding the baby
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before starting to prepare the milk formula.
- Prepare enough formula for only one feeding at a time. Don’t prepare too many milk bottles. Milk spoils easily.
- Use sterile feeding bottles and rubber nipples. The bottles should have been boiled 15 minutes, and the rubber nipples for 5 minutes.
- Use boiled water or mineral water for the formula mixture.
- Never leave the rubber nipples exposed to flies. Cover them with a nipple cap.
His clothes should be simple and comfortable. Also look for features that facilitate dressing. Don’t buy too much in the smallest size. Babies grow quickly, and experienced moms will tell you to buy at least one size up.
To put on Baby’s shirt, insert your fingers in one of the sleeves and guide his hand through. His shirt goes on one arm at a time. (If the shirt is close and sleeveless, pull it over his head first, then insert the arms.) Smooth the shirt under his back by rolling Baby on his side. Put a fresh diaper on and pin it, taking care it is not too tight or too loose.
Various ways of folding Baby’s diaper, whether oblong or square make it possible to have just one size that will fit Baby at every stage of his development. If rubber panties used over regular diapers chafe his baby’s skin, they should not be used except for outings. To make trips and outings easier, there are fitted ones which fasten with tapes and also several types of disposable ones.
Once the umbilical area is healed, you can try placing your baby directly in the water. Her first baths should be as gentle and brief as possible. She will probably protest a little; if she seems miserable, you should go back to sponge baths for a week or two, then try the bath again. She will make it clear when she’s ready.
During her first week or two, until the stump of the umbilical cord falls off, your newborn should only sponge bathed.
In a warm room, lay the baby anywhere that’s flat and comfortable for both of you – a changing table, bed, floor or counter next to the sink will do. Pad hard surfaces with a blanket or fluffy towel. If the baby is on a surface above the floor, use a safety strap or keep one hand on her at all times to make sure she doesn’t fall.